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git - 如何删除子模块?

发布于 2020-03-29 13:17:37

如何删除Git子模块?

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提问者
R. Martinho Fernandes
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VonC 2018-02-19 02:33

git1.8.3(2013年4月22日)

用“ submodule init表示对子模块的兴趣后,瓷器就没有办法说“我不再对此子模块感兴趣”。
submodule deinit”是这样做的方法。

删除过程也会使用git rm(自git1.8.5 2013年10月起)。

摘要

三步删除过程如下:

0. mv a/submodule a/submodule_tmp

1. git submodule deinit -f -- a/submodule    
2. rm -rf .git/modules/a/submodule
3. git rm -f a/submodule
# Note: a/submodule (no trailing slash)

# or, if you want to leave it in your working tree and have done step 0
3.   git rm --cached a/submodule
3bis mv a/submodule_tmp a/submodule

说明

rm -rf: This is mentioned in Daniel Schroeder's answer, and summarized by Eonil in the comments:

This leaves .git/modules/<path-to-submodule>/ unchanged.
So if you once delete a submodule with this method and re-add them again, it will not be possible because repository already been corrupted.


git rm: See commit 95c16418:

Currently using "git rm" on a submodule removes the submodule's work tree from that of the superproject and the gitlink from the index.
But the submodule's section in .gitmodules is left untouched, which is a leftover of the now removed submodule and might irritate users (as opposed to the setting in .git/config, this must stay as a reminder that the user showed interest in this submodule so it will be repopulated later when an older commit is checked out).

Let "git rm" help the user by not only removing the submodule from the work tree but by also removing the "submodule.<submodule name>" section from the .gitmodules file and stage both.


git submodule deinit: It stems from this patch:

With "git submodule init" the user is able to tell git they care about one or more submodules and wants to have it populated on the next call to "git submodule update".
But currently there is no easy way they can tell git they do not care about a submodule anymore and wants to get rid of the local work tree (unless the user knows a lot about submodule internals and removes the "submodule.$name.url" setting from .git/config together with the work tree himself).

Help those users by providing a 'deinit' command.
This removes the whole submodule.<name> section from .git/config either for the given submodule(s) (or for all those which have been initialized if '.' is given).
Fail if the current work tree contains modifications unless forced.
Complain when for a submodule given on the command line the url setting can't be found in .git/config, but nonetheless don't fail.

This takes care if the (de)initialization steps (.git/config and .git/modules/xxx)

Since git1.8.5, the git rm takes also care of the:

  • 'add' step which records the url of a submodule in the .gitmodules file: it is need to removed for you.
  • the submodule special entry (as illustrated by this question): the git rm removes it from the index:
    git rm --cached path_to_submodule (no trailing slash)
    That will remove that directory stored in the index with a special mode "160000", marking it as a submodule root directory.

If you forget that last step, and try to add what was a submodule as a regular directory, you would get error message like:

git add mysubmodule/file.txt 
Path 'mysubmodule/file.txt' is in submodule 'mysubmodule'

Note: since Git 2.17 (Q2 2018), git submodule deinit is no longer a shell script.
It is a call to a C function.

参见Prathamesh Chavan()的commit 2e61273commit 1342476(14 Jan 2018 (由Junio C Hamano合并--commit ead8dbe中,2018年2月13日)pratham-pc
gitster

git ${wt_prefix:+-C "$wt_prefix"} submodule--helper deinit \
  ${GIT_QUIET:+--quiet} \
  ${prefix:+--prefix "$prefix"} \
  ${force:+--force} \
  ${deinit_all:+--all} "$@"

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