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linux-在Nginx中使用重定向301删除URL的重复子目录

(Delete repeated subdirectory of url with redirect 301 in Nginx)

发布于 2021-03-19 08:24:57

我必须通过永久重定向301删除在我网站的多个URL中重复的​​子目录。

我需要有关Nginx配置的帮助。

例如:
http://example.com/foo/DIR/DIR/bar->http://example.com/foo/DIR/bar

location ~ ^(.*)/DIR/DIR(.*)$ {
    rewrite ^(.*)$ /DIR/$1 last;
    break;
}

我当前的nginx服务器配置:

server {

    listen 443 ssl http2 fastopen=500 reuseport;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2 fastopen=500 reuseport ipv6only=on;
    server_name www.example.com;
    resolver 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 valid=300s;

    charset utf-8;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem;
    include /etc/nginx/snippets/diffie-hellman;

    root /var/www/webdisk/example.com/htdocs;

    autoindex off;
    index load.php index.php index.html;

    include /etc/nginx/snippets/security;
    include /etc/nginx/snippets/expires;
    include /etc/nginx/snippets/error_pages;
    include /etc/nginx/snippets/pagespeed;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_send_timeout 1200s;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 1200s;
        fastcgi_connect_timeout 75s;
    }

# TODO: http://example.com/foo/DIR/DIR/bar --> http://example.com/foo/DIR/bar

    location ~* ^/(.+)$ {
        if (-f $document_root/public/prov/$1.html) {
            rewrite ^(.+)$ /public/prov/$1.html last;
            break;
        }
        if (!-e $request_filename){
            rewrite ^(.+)$ /load.php?request=$1 last;
            break;
        }
    }

}

希望你能对我有所帮助,以了解应如何进行这种重定向。

PS重定向之后,必须在针对PHP框架的最新指令下对其进行处理。 /load.php?request=$1

谢谢你。

Questioner
dertin
Viewed
11
Richard Smith 2019-01-24 20:30:51

要使用301响应进行重定向,你需要使用rewrite...permanentreturn 301 ...

要删除URI的一部分,你需要在要删除的部分之前和之后捕获URI的那些部分,这与location语句中的正则表达式非常相似

例如:

rewrite ^(.*)/DIR/DIR(.*)$ $1/DIR$2 permanent;

有关详细信息,请参见此文档

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